United States

The [[Cliff Palace The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, 326 Indian reservations, and some minor possessions., November 1997, pp. 1, 6, 39n. Both viewed April 6, 2016.}} At , it is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by geographic area.

Coastal/territorial waters excluded: |name=largestcountry}} The United States shares significant land borders with Canada to the north and Mexico to the south as well as limited maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, and Russia. With a population of more than 331 million people, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City.

Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago, and European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Disputes with Great Britain over taxation and political representation led to the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), which established the nation's independence. In the late 18th century, the U.S. began expanding across North America, gradually obtaining new territories, sometimes through war, frequently displacing Native Americans, and admitting new states; by 1848, the United States spanned the continent. Slavery was legal in the southern United States until the second half of the 19th century, when the American Civil War led to its abolition. The Spanish–American War and established the U.S. as a world power, a status confirmed by the outcome of . During the Cold War, the United States fought the Korean War and the Vietnam War but avoided direct military conflict with the Soviet Union. The two superpowers competed in the Space Race, culminating in the 1969 spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon. The Soviet Union's dissolution in 1991 ended the Cold War, leaving the United States as the world's sole superpower.

The United States is a federal presidential-constitutional republic with three separate branches of government, including a bicameral legislature. It is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, NATO, and other international organizations. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Considered a melting pot of cultures and ethnicities, its population has been profoundly shaped by centuries of immigration. The United States ranks high in international measures of economic freedom, quality of life, education, and human rights; it has low levels of perceived corruption. However, it has been criticized for inequality related to race, wealth, and income; use of capital punishment; high incarceration rates; and lack of universal health care.

The United States is a highly developed country, accounts for approximately a quarter of global GDP, and is the world's largest economy by GDP at market exchange rates. By value, the United States is the world's largest importer and second-largest exporter of goods. Although its population is only 4.2% of the world's total, it holds 30% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share held by any country. Making up more than a third of global military spending, it is the foremost military power in the world and internationally a leading political, cultural, and scientific force. Provided by Wikipedia
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    ...United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Budget...
    Government Document Book
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    ...United States. Employment and Training Administration. Office of Inspector General...
    Government Document Book
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    ...United States. Office of the Vice President...
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    Other Authors: ...United States. President (1993- : Clinton)...
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    ...a report prepared by the Louisiana Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil...
    Government Document Book
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    Published 2009
    ... of the United States of America --Amendments to the Constitution of the United States --Unmanifest destiny /...
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    by Pennsylvania Bar Institute
    Published 2009
    ...Mark B. Sheppard --United States v. Stein (KPMG) --United States v. LeCroy and Snell --United...
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    by Pennsylvania Bar Institute
    Published 2010
    ...Scott P. Borsack --Excerpted United States Code and Federal Regulations - Title 26 - Internal...
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    by Pennsylvania Bar Institute
    Published 2006
    ...Thomas W. Ostrander--Practice before the United States Tax Court /...
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    by Pennsylvania Bar Institute
    Published 2002
    ...Matthew A. Swendiman --Mediation in the United States District Court for the eastern, middle...
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    by Pennsylvania Bar Institute
    Published 2003
    ..., and the United States Supreme Court /...
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    by Pennsylvania Bar Institute
    Published 2007
    ... District of Pennsylvania --United States Bankruptcy Court - Middle District of Pennsylvania - Local...
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